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Some physical and mental health conditions affect women differently and more frequently, but most drug trials do not include female subjects and many health conditions in women go undiagnosed. Women by nature tend to put family before themselves and therefore women’s health usually takes second place, but since they play a crucial role in the well-being of a family, it It is essential that this be rectified and that it is time for the family to ensure that the women have regular health checks.

In an interview with HT Lifestyle, Dr. Archana Dinesh B, Senior Gynecologist at Kamineni Hospitals, Hyderabad listed common health issues for women to be aware of:

1. The most common problems in all age groups are irregular periods, white discharge, period pain and urinary infections. The normal menstrual cycle in a healthy woman can be between 24 and 38 days, which requires less or more attention. Women with delayed or absent periods, obesity, excess facial hair, acne, or skin pigmentation may have PCOS and should see their doctor.

2. White discharge is the most common problem we face. Anything that causes itching, pain, burning urination, pelvic pain, and postcoital eczema discharge with or without bleeding is pathological. To avoid this, one should maintain good menstrual hygiene, such as keeping private parts clean and dry, trimming pelvic hair with scissors and not shaving or waxing creams or hair removal, changing pads every 4 hours, tampons every 6 hours, menstrual cups every 8-10 hours. .

3. All sexually active women should have a mandatory Pap test and HPV test every 3 years.

4. Usually working women, girls going to school or college avoid drinking water and respond to a natural call to avoid using public restrooms. This causes urinary tract infection, kidney stones.

5. Dysmenorrhea or pain during menstruation is another problem we have to deal with. Hot water packs, cilantro tea, and green tea can provide some relief. If unbearable or associated with vomiting, dizziness, loose movements or headache, consult a gynecologist.

Highlighting stress and mental disorders as another common health problem among women, Dr Raksha Madhu, Consultant Obstetrician and Gynecologist at Altius Hospital, Bangalore, said: “Mental health includes emotional well-being, psychological and social. It affects how we think, feel, act, make choices and interact with others. Mental disorders can affect men and women differently, with the most common disorders in women being depression and anxiety. Premenstrual dysphoric disorder, premenstrual depression, perimenopausal depression, are all perineal depressions.

Suggesting tips for self-care to maintain mental well-being in women, Dr. Raksha Madhu listed:

1. Regular exercise: At least 30-45 minutes of any form of exercise like walking, yoga, pranayama, and meditation helps boost your mood and improve your health.

2. Dietary discipline: A healthy diet with regular meals and good hydration improves your energy and focus throughout the day.

3. Make sleep a priority: Establish a sleep schedule and make sure you get enough sleep.

4. Try a relaxing activity: A relaxation and well-being program can be integrated such as meditation, muscle relaxation, breathing or pranayama exercise, singing, listening to music or practicing one’s hobbies. Schedule regular time for such an activity.

5. Set goals and priorities: Decide what needs to be done and what can wait.

6. Practice gratitude, focus on positivity, and stay connected.

She recommended seeking help for distressing symptoms lasting 2 weeks or more, such as difficulty sleeping, difficulty concentrating, loss of interest in previously enjoyed events, inability to take responsibility and usual daily functions, difficulty getting out of bed because of changes in mood or appetite.

Solution to Common Women’s Health Problems:

Dr. Gayathri Karthik Nagesh, HOD and Obstetrics and Gynecology Consultant at Manipal Hospital, advised, “Awareness of health issues in different age groups like PCOS, endometriosis, availability of vaccination against German measles and cervical cancer for the younger age group, screening for breast lumps and precancerous changes in the cervix with periodic smear tests is a must thereafter.

She added: “Understanding the changes in the psyche in PMS and menopause and empathizing with the pain of women during their periods and those with endometriosis will go a long way in easing their pain and producing a relief. Knowledge of the latest technologies available for surgical remedies of various problems like fibroids, prolapse, stress incontinence helps solve their problems early in the course of the disease. It is imperative that women undertake regular annual health checkups to ensure that conditions like pre-cancer and cancer are caught early. Early detection and prevention is always better than cure. Let’s resolve to let the women in your life get what they truly deserve: the first of the regular annual checkups.